- Region and Country
- Sahel & Lake Chad
Ghana is making important efforts to become a Middle Income Country. However, it's still facing some critical disparities, challenges to deliver basic social services by striving to build institutional capacity. The challenges of security - in particular against the background of a difficult regional context - are also manifold, ranging from organised crime to migrants trafficking. Lack of employment, low income and poverty, persisting corruption, sense of despair and pervasive perception that the only way to succeed is to migrate are quoted by the IOM as the main drivers for migration, and an increasing number of Ghanaians, especially young people, are risking their lives in search of better livelihoods.
Ghana is indeed a country of origin and transit but also a country of destination of regional migration, both legal and irregular. In this context, the Ghanaian government adopted a National Migration Policy at the end of 2016, aiming at providing a comprehensive framework to manage migration as well as enabling full biometric population registration.
The EU Trust Fund for Africa supplements the other cooperation tools of the European Union. It provides the Ghanaian government with the required support to protect vulnerable migrants assist voluntary returns and facilitate reintegration. The capacity of the government to monitor migration flows and trends is being strengthened, while awareness raising actions are led in origin regions. A support to improve law enforcement cooperation and sharing of criminal information in the region is also offered.